Author Archives: Léa Massé

Léa Massé

About Léa Massé

Léa Massé is a graduate student in Criminology. After completing a Bachelor in European Law at the University of Orleans (France), Léa Massé enrolled in a Master in Criminology at Utrecht University in 2014 and graduated in November 2015. In her Master thesis, she explored the multi-dimensional process of marginalization affecting youth from deprived urban neighborhoods in France, along with its impact on youth's socio-economic opportunities, identity and deviance. Her research interests are on the intertwined link between urban marginality and deviance, construction of 'deviant groups' in mass-media and in mainstream society, neoliberalism and social exclusion, and youth deviance. Passionate of visual art, she tries to combine her passion for ethnographic criminology and photography in her researches.

Locked out: Exclusion, discrimination and repression in the State of ‘Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité’


French disadvantaged neighborhoods as symbolic prisons. Photo: Léa Massé

In the wake of the Paris attacks that struck France in November 2015, the French government adopted a temporary state of emergency, announcing that the country was ‘at war’ with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The emergency Law – extended until May 2016 – has included a series of measures strengthening law-enforcement scope of actions, including preventive stop-and-frisk, housing arrest without prior judicial approval, warrantless searches, police raids, and citizenship withdrawal for individuals suspected of being involved in terrorist activities. Over a period of six months, more than 3200 raids have been conducted by law-enforcement officials and 400 people have been placed under house arrests. While the state of emergency seems to bear fruits, a recent report published by Human Rights Watch in February 2016 denounces abusive police practices and serious human right violations targeting mostly disadvantaged urban neighborhood residents. Continue reading